Ubuntu 14.04 and LXC containers

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Ubuntu releases after 10.04 LTS do no longer provide unfs3. Unfs3 is useful when one want to setup a fog server in a container with OpenVZ or LXC. Nfs kernel server cannot run in these containers.


  • A computer (physical or virtual) running Ubuntu 14.04 Server, may or may not using LVM, with available space in at least one volume group

Network setup on the LXC host

Setup a bridge on the computer, with at least one ethernet interface attached to it.

apt-get install bridgeutils

edit the file /etc/network/interfaces and add the following lines. Please ensure you're not using a SSH session, because you may lose your connection !

Add the following lines : auto br0 iface br0 inet static address netmask gateway bridge_ports eth0 bridge_fd 0 bridge_maxwait 0

Reboot the computer and check network connectivity

LXC container creation

First, create a LXC container running Ubuntu. The version is the latest LTS version available at the moment of creating the container

lxc-create -n server-fog -t ubuntu -B lvm --vgname vg --lvname lv-server-fog --fssize=10G --fstype=ext4

This will create a logical volume lv-server-fog in the volume group vg0, with a 10GB ext4 filesystem. The container wil be named server-fog.

Edit the file /var/lib/lxc/server-fog/config to assign a static IP address to

You have to download, compile and install unfs3 from sources.

  • Download unfs3
  • decompress the archive : tar zxf unfs3-0.9.22.tar.gz
  • apt-get install build-essential make flex bison
  • cd unfs3-0.9.22
  • ./configure
  • make
  • make install
  • make install-init
  • edit /etc/init.d/unfsd and replace the occurence of /usr/sbin/unfsd with /usr/local/sbin/unfsd
  • /etc/init.d/unfsd start
  • check unfsd is running : ps -ef | grep unfsd
  • if it runs, then run update-rc.d unfsd defaults

Install and configure fog as usual.

If you want to setup a separate volume for your images :

  • assuming you want to use a logical volume (LVM) /dev/vg0/lv with a ext3 filesystem :
  • run your container and move all files located in /images into an other location (/root/images-bak), including the hidden file /images/.mntcheck
  • from the lxc host, open /var/lib/your-container/fstab and add the following line : /dev/vg0/lv images ext3 defaults 0 0
  • restart the container, and check the nex volume is available : run mount without any argument.
  • If the LVM volume has been successfully mounted, move back the files backed up in /root/images-bak. Note there is no slash before images.
  • chmod 777 /images